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6IEAP - 1054
Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú / pe Peru
1 members
andrea arias

Project type:


Peru is located in the main mountain range of South America, the Andes mountain range. This geography with rugged territory was domesticated centuries ago by the ancient Peruvian villager, a legacy that continues to this day and that is used by Peruvian farmers through an inherited system: the anden. The anden system is an ancestral model associated with the sustainable development of the rural environment, the conservation of Andean agrobiodiversity and the preservation of cultural heritage. At present, the orders represent around 30% of the agricultural production area in the high and low areas, however, 25% of the total hectares of crops are abandoned.

Migration is the main social cause. Young people not finding in agriculture a means for their development leave their rural environment in search of better job and educational opportunities. This leads to the reduction of agricultural production areas and the loss of a cultural heritage. Given this reality, education emerges as the best means for the transmission of knowledge through the integration of young people into agricultural activities. The educational system that has managed to deal with this problem is the system of alternation, an effective methodology in rural education appropriate to territorial conditions through the Rural Training Centers of Alternance, the RTCA, a comprehensive training center for recovery, training, innovation and high andean agricultural production.

Laraos is chosen, a center populated by the Sierra de Lima located in one of the most important landscape reserves in Peru, as the place to install the first RTCA. Laraos has essential activation factors for platform recovery such as platform extension, water availability, active population and market accessibility.

The infrastructure is projected to be in itself a system designed to recover the damaged landscape. The anden becomes a building, the building becomes an anden. Past reinterpreted in the present having the anden as the basis for integration in function, space and subject matter of the project. A game of pieces and volumes on the landscape is populated, product of a reading of the territory that already ancient Peruvian settlers achieved with the domestication of the Andean landscape.

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