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6IEAP1007-SHELTER MUSEUM

6IEAP - 1007
ALBA-Academie Libanaise des Beaux Arts ,Beirut / lb Lebanon
1 members
EL HAYEK TANIOS

Project type:
Cultural Y Espectáculos

A project retracing the history of a hill on the borderline.
Located on the iconic hill of Khiam 5 km away from the borderline between Palestine and Lebanon (also known as the blue line), the project revolves around the ruins of a detention camp (1946) where the inhabitants of South Lebanon were tortured or were subject to torture.
Indeed, the Khiam hill has had a strategic significance, since the first world war, as it overlooks Galilee and offers a 360-degree panoramic view over Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. This project is for memory and commemoration; it is a project that warns against the experience of detention camps.
Furthermore, this project offers shelter for the inhabitants of Khiam thanks to an underground structure, since the village of Khiam's proximity to the enemy’s territory is minimal.

The project mainly consists of three main parts:

1. A 360-degree outdoor path where the geography of the site is framed by walls engraved on the hill.
The entrance of the project is made through this path inspired by the trenches of the world wars. The entrance will take you to an underground path that leads you to the main hall that connects the three paths.

2. An interior route telling the story of the detention camp:
This path contains rooms of emotions, history, lights, and patios all related to the history and emotions of the people who lived in the camp.
The main element of this lane is light since it was the most essential element to live and survive in the detention camp.
As we pass through the experience of the camp, we go through three essential moments:

a. The anguished path where we explore several themes such as obscurity, inaccessibility, terror ...
The room of memory which serves as a detachment of the project collects itself while contemplating the light and to return to the memory.

b. The sound path: a path that retraces the history of the camp by its sounds.

c. The journey of dreams and evasion that is related to all that the elements the detainees used to forget the anguish in which they lived such as music ("BETWANEES BIK " room) a song sang by the prisoners, cherry trees…

Passing through an emotional rollercoaster, the visitor will experience gradually several emotions (from obscurity to breakthrough ) that will finally lead him to the liberty and relief he was searching for since the beginning.

3. Inner and outer courses tracking the history of the Israeli-Lebanese invasions.
This path contains the main exhibition hall of the walls of invasions, a lecture hall, a library and an amphitheater of resistance given a view of the borderlines by a big window.

The path is made by walls that tell the story of the war between Israel and Lebanon.

In the underground, these walls expose visitors to the history through each invasion date and on the surface, these walls become memorial walls on which are written the names of prisoners, alive or dead. in each event.

The path of the invasions represents a cannon directed towards Israel which ends with a balcony of memory overlooking the Palestinian city Metula to remember the cause of the invasion and create resistance.

The building has a minimal impact that is totally integrated into the landscape, draws its strength from its integration at the same time the volume integrated into the slope creates in its finitude a balcony directed towards Palestine and forms a signal in the hill.

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