IE Architecture + Design Prize

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4APP1136 - Global Energy Landscapes

4APP - 1136
National University of Cordoba - (UNC - FAUD) / ar Argentina
3 members
Tomás Esteban Pont Apóstolo
Juan Cruz Serafini
Stefano Romagnoli

Project type:

Infrastructures are an intrinsically human and cultural phenomenon, which has occurred for millennia, to sustain civilizations of many scales and levels of technology. Global Energy Landscapes is an essay on the new capabilities and responsibilities of man-made logistics to intervene the planet's resources in the new century. It is an interdisciplinary study of the Environmental, Territorial, Economic and Social impact of the new infrastructures that pretend to enhance the resources of the planet; exploring the levels of appropriation of the world's great natural reserves or "global gardens", antagonistic to the growth and urban concentrations in globalized hyper dense cities.
Today, about 97% of the energy generated is from non-renewable sources, and although by the end of the century the population is expected to grow considerably, technological advances of recent times show a clear intention to harness world resources in a clean and efficient way. The sea represents 71% of the Planet surface and one of the greatest potential of energy generation, despite being one of the less studied fields. This is why "Global Energy Landscapes" takes as a model the development of tidal energy, in one of the highest tidal range coasts in the world, Rio Gallegos estuary, located in one of the greatest natural reserves, the Patagonia.
Being the changing range of tides the main event that gives life to the Estuary, with an average of 8 meters change a day are generated marshes that constitute the scenario where thousands of migratory shorebirds meet annually and find optimal conditions to feed and rest. It is estimated that the Natural Reserve of the Estuary houses about 20.000 birds a year and the Isla Deseada Reserve about 3500 pairs of penguins. The biological value places the estuary as a site of great international importance, considered critical for its conservation since its house almost 15% of some species from all over the world.
Our project proposes to understand the landscape as an operative platform of systems and networks that allow human existence, in the same way that happens with the infrastructures that give life to our cities. In the era of megalopolis, of the continuous consumption and industrial state, the infrastructures acquire a new degree of visibility and complexity; being responsible for connecting human and environmental spheres. It is through this understanding that we intend to transcend the appropriation of the current infrastructural typologies to develop a proposal that uses the LANDSCAPE AS OPERATIVE LAND. Consequently, the new water infrastructure is the result of multiple studies about natural logic of the estuary, including its natural reserves, ecology and vitality.
Based on a local, regional and international study of Patagonia, we recognized ecological, topographic, migratory and natural orders. Hence, an isolated tidal lagoon is designed based on 4 categories: Environment, Water production, Energy and Tourism. From them, the user appropriates this water infrastructure, generating multiple tensions in permanent relationship with the landscape.
The proposal responds to the need of a person, the development of a country and the health of the planet.

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